Hydrocarbons including isobutane and cyclopentane are available as non-ODS alternatives for use in aerosols, foam-blowing and refrigeration sectors. Safe use of hydrocarbons is regulated by petroleum laws in India.The Petroleum Act, 1934 and Petroleum Rules, 1976 relate to handling of a variety of petroleum products. The latter also specifies licensing requirements for handling hydrocarbons. The Gas Cylinder Rules, 1981, addresses filling, possession, import and transport of cylinders.
Manufacture, Storage and import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989, specify responsibilities and reporting requirement of industrial activity using them. These rules are applicable to activities covered by the Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Regulation and Supply and Distribution) Order, 1993. This order provides details on possession, supply and consumption of liquefied petroleum gas. In addition to the above, laws at the level of the individual states also control possession, transport and use of hydrocarbons.